Depression is probably the most commonly diagnosed adjustment disorder in children and adults. This is not necessarily so because it truly is the most widespread disorder, but rather because it is easy to diagnose or possibly misdiagnose for some other disorder and to treat with medication. People use this term to describe a variety of emotional conditions they may experience, including sadness, bereavement, unpleasant anxiety feelings, and sometimes frustration or boredom.
Because the predominant medicines prescribed for depression are generally uplifting and have the least amount of negative side effects, it is easy for people who feel out of sorts to be satisfied with the increased positive feelings taken from those medicines, even if the increase is not very significant. It is also easy to assume that medication is all that's needed to handle our unpleasant or depressed feelings.
Although there is evidence that some people may be more prone to depressive reactions than others genetically, there is much more evidence to show that depression is almost always our body's response to feeling hopelessly stuck in some unhappy life situation from which we can find no escape. Counseling is a way to help a depressed person seek out and identify the conditions that stop them from feeling positive in their lives, regardless of whether the conditions come from outside of the person, such as job, marital or family problems, or from the inside from such things as self-defeating beliefs, compulsive behaviors, or disorganized thinking processes. By identifying the main conditions contributing to a state of depression, a person is given the opportunity to make changes to those conditions and possibly overcome his or her depression.